Eric Tousaint of the CADTM and author of Bankocracy (to be published in May 2015), writes about the record of HSBC and its CEO Stephen Green. Leaked HSBC files, according to the Guardian ‘detailed how the private bank was complicit in tax evasion and aggressive tax avoidance, doled out bricks of cash in mixed currencies to clients, and provided banking services to criminals, drug smugglers, and friends and families of dictators’. He argues that banks should be brought into public ownership and control.
The British bank HSBC, which recently employed 260, 000 people worldwide, is present in 75 countries, and claims to have 54 million customers  is another example of the “Too Big to Jail” phenomenon.  Over the last ten years, HSBC has laundered $881 million  for Mexican and Columbian drug cartels that are responsible for tens of thousands of firearm related assassinations. These relations continue in spite of dozens of warnings from different US government agencies including the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. The profits from this business are so important that not only does HSBC continue, but it has also opened specialised services in its Mexico offices where drug dealers may simply hand in stocks of cash for cleaning. 
It has been revealed that HSBC was accused of failing to respect regulations, and to prevent money laundering for sums totaling nearly $700 billion of transfers and over $9.4 billion in US currency purchases from HSBC Mexico. The bank also violated sanctions against Iran, Sudan and Burma. Although HSBC is contemptuous of the law, it has hardly been subjected to any legal action. In December 2012, HSBC was condemned to a fine of $1.9 billion – about one week of revenue – as the full and final penalty for its money laundering activities. Although aiding and abetting terrorist organisations, and drug trafficking, are punishable by five years in prison not one director or employee has been criminally prosecuted. Bank directors have a free hand to take part in drug trafficking, sanction violations, or other crimes.
The International Herald Tribune has inquired as to what was said behind the doors of the Justice department about this case. Several prosecutors wanted HSBC to plead guilty and to recognize that it had broken the law, which requires banks to inform the authorities of any transaction of over $10,000 dollars that might be suspicious. This guilty plea would have led to HSBC losing its United States banking license and an end to its activities in that country. After several months of negotiation, it was eventually decided not to press criminal charges in order to avoid the Bank’s closure. It was even decided to avoid tarnishing too much the Bank’s image.  A probation period was added to the small fine of $1.9 billion: should the authorities discover between 2013 and 2018 that HSBC has not put an end to these practices the justice department may reopen the case. This result could be summed up as: “Naughty child! Penance of one week’s pay and don’t do it again for five years”. This is clearly an example of a bank that is ‘Too Big to Jail’.
During a Senatorial Commission concerning HSBC in July 2013, Elizabeth Warren (Democrat, Massachusetts) interrogated David Cohen, under-secretary at the Treasury responsible for action against terrorism and financial espionage, appearing for the US Treasury. She made the following points: that the United States government takes money laundering very seriously, that is possible to close a bank that engages in this activity, that those condemned can be prohibited from conducting banking and financial activities and may be condemned to prison sentences. In December 2012, HSBC admitted to laundering $881million for Mexican and Columbian drug cartels, and the Bank also admitted to many sanctions violations over a long period. HSBC has paid a fine, but no individuals were sanctioned and the closing of the bank in the US has not been mentioned. Elizabeth Warren asked, ‘What does it take? How many billions of dollars do you have to launder for drug lords, and how many economic sanctions do you have to violate before someone will consider shutting down a financial institution?’ The treasury representative dodged the issue by saying the question was too complex to give an answer.  The Senator concluded that a cocaine dealer would go to prison and for a very long time if he repeats his crime whilst bankers who launder hundreds of millions of narco-dollars can sleep easily in their own beds at night with no fear of being prosecuted. 
Stephen Green, CEO of HSBC (2003-2010), becomes British Minister for Commerce
Stephen Green is a vivid illustration of the symbiotic relationship between finance and government. In this case, it goes ever further, because he does not content himself with serving the interests of big capital as a banker and a minister. His ‘ministries’ go as far as being an ordained priest of the Church of England. He has written two books on the subject of business and ethics, notably Serving God, Serving Mammon?  The title refers to the biblical quotation, ‘No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon (Matthew 6:24).’ Mammon is symbolic of wealth, greed, and profit. This name comes up in Aramaic, Hebrew, and Phoenician. Mammon is sometimes compared to Satan. As for Stephen Green, he has received university honours and is obviously untouchable.
He started his career at the British Ministry of Overseas Development, before going on to the private international consultancy company, McKinsey. In 1982, he was hired by HSBC the biggest British bank where he was rapidly promoted to the highest positions. He was named Executive Director in 2003, and became HSBC chairman in 2006, where he remained until 2010. The accusations by US authorities of laundering $881 million of drug money, and other illicit transactions relate to the 2003-2010 period. According to the 334-page Senate report published in 2012, Stephen Green had been informed by an employee, in 2005, that HSBC had installed money-laundering operations in Mexico and that doubtful transactions had taken place.
Still in 2005, the financial services company Bloomberg, based in New York, accused HSBC of laundering drug money. Stephen Green replied that the accusations were, ‘singular and wholly irresponsible,’ putting the reputation of a great and trustworthy international bank into doubt. In 2008, US federal authorities informed Stephen Green that Mexican authorities had discovered the existence of a money laundering operation involving HSBC in Mexico, and an HSBC branch in the Cayman Islands. The agency remarked that such activity could imply criminal responsibility for HSBC.  There followed a series of rather soft warnings compared to the gravity of the accusations. HSBC promised to change its behavior, but it continued its criminal practices.
Finally, HSBC was issued a Cease and Desist Order in October 2010 to put an end to these nefarious activities.  At the end of 2012, following the publication of the Senatorial Commission’s report and months of discussion between different US security agencies, HSBC was fined $1.9 billion dollars. Stephen Green cannot claim he did not know what his bank was up to not only in Mexico and in offshore tax havens, but also in the Middle East and in the US. He was CEO of his group, and had also been a director of HSBC Bank Bermuda Ltd. , HSBC Mexico, HSBC Middle East. He had also been president of HSBC Private Banking Holdings (Suisse) SA, and of HSBC North America Holdings Inc..
When the US decision to impose a heavy fine on HSBC for drug money laundering was made public in 2012, Stephen Green was no longer at HSBC. He was then a Minister in the Cabinet under Prime Minister David Cameron.
With hindsight, Stephen Green’s timing was spot-on. In February 2010, he published a book entitled: Good value: Reflections on Money, Morality and an Uncertain World. The foreword asks the following question: ‘Can one be both an ethical person and an effective business person? Stephen Green, an ordained priest and the chairman of HSBC, thinks so .’ Of course, the ‘ethical person’ and the ‘effective business person’ are identifiable in the author, priest, and HSBC chairman Stephan Green. The propaganda was well coordinated, because at the same time he was awarded the honorary degree, Doctor Honoris Causa, by London University’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).
In October 2010, for the second time, the US justice department orders HSBC to stop its criminal activities. Before this information is made public, Stephen Green jumps ship. The following month, at the request of David Cameron, he received honors and was appointed Baron Green of Hurstpierpoint (West Sussex). This is unbelievable, for a businessman, who was CEO to an organization, which had laundered millions of dollars of drug money, to become on November 2010 a member of the House of Lords!
He resigned from his position at HSBC in December 2010 to become Minister of State for Trade and Investment in February 2011.  In this way, he continued to serve the interests of the British corporations, with which he had very close relations as Vice- President of the Confederation of British Industry from May 2010. Stephen Green also used his know-how to promote London as a candidate for the 2012 Olympic Games, which were held exactly when the US Senate published its report on the HSBC affair. Stephen Green refused to reply to questions from members of the House of Lords on this scandal. The president of the House of Lords Conservative Party group protected him by arguing that a Minister is not answerable to Parliament for matters that do not concern his Ministry portfolio. 
In 2013, David Cameron commended Lord Green for his superb job for British exports, commercial treaties and in particular for his work on the EU-US transatlantic treaty.  He has also achieved much in developing the sale of British arms throughout the world. He finished his term in December 2013, and now devotes his precious time speaking at conferences (probably in exchange for important fees) and receiving the honors that so many academic institutions heap upon him. His career is certainly not over. In March 2009, at the same time that HSBC was totally involved in the famous money laundering affair, he had the cheek to declare at a press conference, concerning the responsibility for the crisis which started in 2007-2008: ‘Underlying all these events is a question about the culture and ethics of the industry. It is as if, too often, people had given up asking whether something was the right thing to do, and focused only on whether it was legal and complied with the rules.’ and, ‘there have been too many who have profoundly damaged the industry’s reputation.’  That is how Stephen Green, rascal and rogue, above the law speaks to the lackeys who all rush to repeat his good words all over the mainstream press. In February 2015, ‘The World Today’, the review of the British ’Royal Institute of International affairs’, published a long interview with Stephen Green in order to show off his great erudition in Worldly matters. It was nothing less than a propaganda exercise to the advantage of a high-rise Bankster. The article introduces him as ‘A former chairman of HSBC, lifelong Germanophile and committed Christian, Lord Green of Hurstpierpoint talks about the future of the eurozone, empty cathedrals and what makes Chinese leaders anxious’. In the interview Stephen Green said, ‘It’s important to approach business life with a sense of values and responsibility: you can’t conclude that banking is off limits. It would imply that banking is intrinsically an evil domain of activity and no self-respecting person should be in it. That’s nonsense’. No questions were asked concerning the tax evasions organized by HSBC or the laundering of drug money. Was this an unfortunate omission?
Green and all his HSBC cronies who were at the helm of HSBC during the money laundering should answer for their crimes before the courts and be condemned to periods of imprisonment and of community service. HSBC should be shut down and its directors sacked. The bank should be split into smaller units and brought under public ownership and control with a strictly defined public service objective.
Éric Toussaint is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Liège, President of CADTM Belgium (Committee for the Abolition of Third-World Debt), and a member of the Scientific Committee of ATTAC France. He is a member of the Fourth International leadership. He is the author of Bankocracy, to be published by Resistance Books and Merlin Press in May 2015 (£14.95 RRP, 250 pages).
 See official site: http://www.hsbc.com/about-hsbc
 See: Banks and the New Too Big to Jail’ Doctrine, 13 March 2014, http://cadtm.org/Banks-and-the-New-…; and “Bank abuses in the real estate sector and illegal foreclosures in the United States” Avril 2014, http://cadtm.org/Bank-abuses-in-the…
 HSBC has also had dealings with a Saudi bank suspected of financial collaboration with Al Qaida. It is accused by the US justice of having transgressed embargo restrictions. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-… http://www.theguardian.com/business…
 Matt Taibbi, ‘Gangster Bankers: Too Big to Jail. How HSBC hooked up with drug traffickers and terrorists. And got away with it,’ 14 February 2013, http://www.rollingstone.com/politic…
 IHT, ‘HSBC to pay $1.92 billion over money laundering,’ 12 December 2012.
 Part of the audition is here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKvG…
 Stephen Green, Serving God? Serving Mammon ?, Marshall Pickering, 1996, 137 pages.
 Ned Simons, ‘HSBC: Stephen Green Accused Of Hiding From Scandal.’ The Huffington Post UK, 20 July 2012, http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/201… and, the previously mentioned article by Matt Taibbi, ‘Gangster Bankers: Too Big to Jail. How HSBC hooked up with drug traffickers and terrorists. And got away with it,’ 14 February 2013, http://www.rollingstone.com/politic…
 A ‘cease and desist order’ is an order against a person, corporation or organisation, issued by a tribunal or a US authority to stop an activity that it considers damaging or illegal. The first of these orders were issued in April 2003 and concerned bank accounts and funding of terrorist organisations, such as Al Qaida.
 Stephen Green, Good Value: Reflections on Money, Morality and an Uncertain World, Grove Press, 2010, 256 pages ‘Can one be both an ethical person and an effective businessperson? Stephen Green, an ordained priest and the chairman of HSBC, thinks so.’ in http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/…
 Stephen Green declares that his position as Minister will be unpaid. His income as CEO of HSBC was £25 million p.a. and he has other means.
 See article by Ned Simons already quoted, ‘HSBC: Stephen Green Accused Of Hiding From Scandal,’The Huffington Post UK, 20 July 2012, http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/201… See also: The Guardian, ‘Lord Green “regrets” HSBC scandal but still refuses to answer questions. Trade minister breaks silence over money laundering scandal that took place while he was running the bank,’ 24July 2012.
 The Telegraph, Lord Green to retire after reforming UKTI, 19 June 2013, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/… ‘The Prime Minister said that former HSBC boss Lord Green had done a “superb job” re-focusing Government efforts on export, pushing forward trade agreements, including the planned US-EU trade deal, and had secured “vital investments”, including the redevelopment of Battersea Power Station.’
 The Independent, ‘HSBC in bid to raise £12.5bn,’ 9 March 2009, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/b…